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Jantar mineral water

Water and diabetes

Hydration of diabetics is a key factor of their daily healthy diet.

Water and diabetes

Hydration of diabetics is a key factor of their daily healthy diet.

Water is a basic component essential in proper functioning of a body. Recommendations concerning hydration of people who suffer from diabetes are close to general orders (with a few exceptions). Diabetics usually have a higher demand for water, however, it is difficult to set precise limits as it depends on numerous factors like age, physical activity, temperature, humidity, recent metabolic condition or efficiency of kidneys and circulatory system. This balance sheet can also be modified by certain pharmaceuticals (e.g. diuretics). An average water demand is 30-35 ml/kg of body weight and it should not be lower than 1,5 litre/day.

The consequences of improper hydration are much worse for people suffering from diabetes than they are for healthy humans. It is connected with high sugar levels – this state (if prolonged), causes a damage of blood vessels placed in a heart, kidneys and eyes, and can lead to a failure of vessels responsible for eyesight, efficiency of kidneys and blood supply. Proper hydration can sometimes be problematic for both the elderly, as a feeling of thirst lowers with age, and people taking medicines (for the same reason).  

Hyperglycemia – a state in which blood glucose is much higher than average, causes a body to feel the need of lowering sugar level, which activates thirst center in a brain and boosts renal filtration. The aim of those two processes is to lower blood glucose. Both of them belong to the most popular symptoms of unstable diabetes – thirst (polydipsia) and increased urination (polyuria), which can even lead to bedwetting.

An average water demand for an adult is 30-35 ml/kg of body weight and it usually constitutes 2-3 litres daily. On one side, part of our water demand water is always supplied with food, but on the other, the vast majority should be delivered with fluids, preferably by medium-mineralized water. Because of fluctuating sugar levels, diabetics ought to avoid monosaccharides, which are present in the majority of beverages.

You can easily check your level of hydration every time you go to the toilet – if there is little dark-coloured urine, it may mean that your body is dehydrated. It is better to drink regardless of your thirst – excessive intake of water is still safe for a healthy person because it will be removed by your kidneys. It is worth to check the quality of the water you drink – it should consist of indispensable minerals, vital for every diabetic.

 

Wojciech Zep MSc – clinic nutritionist

Jantar Water has received a recommendation of Polish Diabetes Association for daily consumption.

 

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